The Letters and Papers of Jan Hendrik Oort: As Archived in the University Library, Leiden
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This remained the cataloguing system for the library until Pica was started up in and was bought by OCLC in The first automation project in Leiden started in , produced , titles via the Dutch PICA-GGC and resulted within a few years in a catalog on microfiche, which partly replaced the famous Leiden booklets catalogue. In the library moved to its present location on Witte Singel in a new building by architect Bart van Kasteel.
The first online catalogue became available in According to Nicholas A. Basbanes , Leiden University Library represents "an essential benchmark [ The litany of 'firsts' recorded at Leiden is dazzling - the first printed catalogue to be prepared by an institution of its holdings, the first attempt to identify and maintain what today are known as 'special collections,' the first systematic attempt to develop a corps of influential friends, patrons, and benefactors throughout the world, the first 'universal' library, the list goes on and on - and underpinning it all is a humanistic approach to education and discovery that has figured prominently throughout its history, along with an unbending belief in the limitless potential of human inquiry.
Leiden University Libraries focuses on the complete information chain. The library facilitates not only access to published information but increasingly supports the evaluation, use, production and dissemination of scholarly information. To accomplish this the library's activities range from supporting education in information literacy to serving as an expert center for digital publishing.
The library aims to function as the scholarly information manager of Leiden University. These digital information resources are available worldwide to Leiden University students and staff. The special collections and archives of Leiden University see below are increasingly made available through the library's Catalogue and Digital Special Collections  environment. The library makes all doctoral dissertations available online through the Catalogue and Leiden University Digital Repository  that functions according to the open access principles.
Furthermore, publications from Leiden researchers are increasingly made available through the same repository. Thanks to the use of international standards, among others the Open Archives Initiative , the repository is visited daily by general and specialized search engines that harvest and index this information. In , the library started with an ambitious program to renew and renovate its facilities: wireless access became available throughout the library in December , in March the completely renovated Special Collections Reading Room Dousa was reopened, in June the fire protection systems installed in the closed stacks and the vaults of the library were taken into use, in December library patrons were able to make use of the new facilities created in the renovated Information Centre Huygens , and a new exhibition space was opened on March 25, , in the direct vicinity of a completely renovated entrance.
In the study areas the complete first floor and parts of the second floor of the University Library were renovated and a media centre was opened. By bringing these collections together with those of the university libraries, the largest Indonesian and Caribbean collections worldwide were created. On 14 September , H.
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Leiden University Libraries works together with other organizations nationally and internationally on innovation projects in this area. The library e. Leiden University Libraries hold a large number of special collections of national and international importance.
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These include manuscripts, early printed books, maps, atlases, prints, drawings, and photographs. To make these collections visible for a broad audience, the library partnered in with De Boekenwereld , a richly illustrated magazine in Dutch for lovers of books with information about the early and modern book and graphic art.
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The collection Western Manuscripts contains all western manuscripts including 2, medieval manuscripts and fragments and 25, modern manuscripts , , letters, archives and 3, annotated prints of the University Library, including the archives of the university. The collection Western Printed Works contains materials printed before including incunabula and rare and precious works from after In the course of four centuries the collection has been expanded through bequests, gifts and acquisitions of collections from scholars.
Furthermore, the University Library obtained the deposit right for a copy of each book for which the States of Holland had given the privilege to print. The collection also includes more than , printed works from the Library of the Maatschappij der Nederlandse Letterkunde which has been deposited on permanent loan since The Bodel Nijenhuis Collection contains mainly old maps, atlasses, topographical prints and drawings.
Most of the collection was obtained as a bequest from J.
Bodel Nijenhuis. The lawyer Johannes Tiberius Bodel Nijenhuis — , director of the publishing house Luchtmans, for 25 years a member of the Maatschappij der Nederlandse Letterkunde , was a passionate collector of cartographical and topographical material. The collection contains 60, maps of which 3, drawings , 1, atlasses, 24, topographical prints, 1, drawings and the archive of Youssouf Kamal's Monumenta Cartographica Africae et Aegypti. From its very onset the study of the Orient was of vital importance to the new university.
Theologians studied the Semitic languages to perceive the meaning of the Bible. Political and commercial interests prompted the new-born Dutch Republic to establish relations with its enemies' enemies, among whom the Ottoman Empire , then at the zenith of its power. In the course of its expansionist policy the Dutch Republic secured possession of the Indonesian archipelago and other territories in South East Asia. In Japan, Dutch merchants maintained a trading post to the exclusion of all other European powers.
In the course of four centuries countless manuscripts, printed books and photographs on the Orient and Oriental Studies have found their way to the library of Leiden University. Oriental Studies are still flourishing at Leiden University, and the Oriental Collections are still growing to serve the needs of the national and international scholarly community.
At the time it was the largest private library in Istanbul, and Warner acquired part of it for the University of Leiden. The Oriental Collections nowadays contain 30, manuscripts and , printed books on subjects ranging from Archaeology to Zoroastrianism and in languages from Arabic to Zulu. The Bibliotheca Thysiana was erected in to house the book collection of the lawyer Joannes Thysius — Upon his early death, he left a legacy of 20, guilders for the building of a public library "tot publycque dienst der studie" with a custodian's dwelling.
Designed by the architect Arent van 's-Gravensande, the building follows the Dutch Classical style and is regarded as one of the jewels of Dutch 17th century architecture. It is distinguished by its balanced proportions and the purity of its Ionic order on top of a high basement. The Bibliotheca Thysiana is the only surviving 17th century example in the Netherlands of a building that was designed as a library. It is quite extraordinary that a complete private 17th century library has been preserved and thus offers a good impression of the book collection of a young, learned bibliophile from the period of late Humanism.
The collection contains about 2, books and thousands of pamphlets in all scientific fields. This society joined the Leiden University Library in , and since forms the basis of the DBNL - the digital online library of the Dutch Language, an initiative for an online open access archive of the greatest works in Dutch literary history. It became fashionable for the elite to become members, and many were also members of the Dutch Society of Science Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen , a similar society for the study of scientific subjects founded in Haarlem in Both societies still hold contests and award prizes for achievement.
Volume 54 , Issue 4. The full text of this article hosted at iucr. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. Astrid Elbers Leiden Observatory, P. Tools Request permission Export citation Add to favorites Track citation. Share Give access Share full text access.
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