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- Things Words William James by Austin.
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Brain hurts a little and I'll probably feel like a doofus writing some sort of intelligent response on it for my continentalist professor tomorrow, but I appreciate Austin's good humor and deep thinking. Just finished reading this again, for the nth time, for class tomorrow.
I love this book, but it really could be 40 pages long. And I'm left really wishing that Austin would have given an example illustrating how "the truth or falsity of a statement depends not merely on the meanings of words but on what act you were performing in what circumstances". Obviously the truth of a statement depends on the circumstances, but how does the truth of a statement depend on what act you were performing?
Moreover, he says a statement IS a kind of illocutionary act, so how could the truth of an act depend on what act you were performing with it? View 1 comment. May 11, Anthony rated it it was ok Shelves: linguistics-etc. I declare a thumb war. Aug 09, Andrew rated it really liked it Shelves: linguistics. After I finished this book I was thinking "this is definitely a five-star for Goodreads! I knew what this book was about before I read it, but it was a pleasure to hear it all in full. Not only is Austin's thesis really great, the origins of performative speech, but it's also very straightforward.
I declare this book excellent. Nov 24, Tony rated it liked it. You can do a lot of things with words, but tragically you still can't get them to wash the dishes. Jan 21, Caleb rated it it was amazing. In saying "I'm finished," I both state a fact and perform an act - in this case announcing my accomplishment. In this book, Austin seeks to makes this distinction clear. Aug 17, Matthew rated it really liked it. Easy to read and understand--he summarizes himself at the start of every lecture, so whenever I didn't understand something I skipped to the next chapter and, lo and behold, I figured it out!
I'm not an analytic philosophy guy, but I have to say Respect to Austin for somehow working in the phrase: "There are more ways of killing a cat than drowning it in butter". Dec 29, Andrew added it Shelves: philosophy , analytic-philosophy. Another one of these analytic-tradition writers I've become quite fascinated with that have still left an indelible imprint on the continentals. While working within the same, precise and cut-and-dried tradition as Frege and Russell, he still is able to make a radical proposition, that of the speech act.
To sum up Language is not just a code, it is an activity and needs to be treated as such. Our words for things are grounded in social and cultural realities, and their definitions are based on Another one of these analytic-tradition writers I've become quite fascinated with that have still left an indelible imprint on the continentals. Our words for things are grounded in social and cultural realities, and their definitions are based on socially generated acceptable meanings. Sentences are neither true nor false, they fit in with their contexts.
These are things that make intuitive sense to you and me, but not to Frege. Poor Frege. Austin's specifics are a lot more complex and subtle, but if you care at all about the words you use-- and I care a lot, probably too much-- you'll find something to appreciate here. View 2 comments. This is a well composed look at a linguistic pseudo-system. I picked this up after reading the first chapter of "Truth in Painting," and wanted a bit more guidance than that found on Wikepedia concerning performatives. It looks like there are a number of pans below, and I can't really reason why.
The book was compiled from lecture notes and was never fully edited or revised. What we get is the knotted thread of a philosophical investigation in which some knots have been loosened and some have be This is a well composed look at a linguistic pseudo-system. What we get is the knotted thread of a philosophical investigation in which some knots have been loosened and some have been passed over altogether. There are some very insightful "verb tools," loads of examples, and not one hammered nail Not a polished work, but full of instruction, humor and idea.
- E ben, provami avversa (Recitative) from Il Sogno di Scipione (Full Score).
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On to Derrida. Austin has been critisized by many philosophers for not being philosophical enough, and as much as I can see their point I have to defend Austin.
By Geert Booij
At the point that Austin gave these lectures anglo-american philosophy was full of so much nonsense - largely due to Frege's bizarre vocabulary or possibly bad translations and Russell ridiculous mathematical approach to things that just don't fit into equations. I don't think that this book is of a very high philosophical content, but I think that ph Austin has been critisized by many philosophers for not being philosophical enough, and as much as I can see their point I have to defend Austin.
I don't think that this book is of a very high philosophical content, but I think that philosophy has benefited - with the help of Searle - from Austin's theoretically linguistic approach. Also this is one of the more enjoyable reads in the world of modern philosophy if a bit pedantic. Dec 18, Will Miller rated it it was amazing.
Simultaneously one of the most modest and one of the most seismically important works in the philosophy of language. Too well written for its own good. Searle's re-configuration of Speech Act Theory is much better philosophy, but this is worth a read just for the prose. May 14, James Robinson rated it it was amazing. This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
Speech utterances: The difference between describing something by saying something constatives , and doing something via saying something performatives. The former, which is the descriptive utterance, is distinguished from the performative in so far as nothing is changed about the world via its utterance: 'the grass is green', 'today is Tuesday', 'the lightbulb has blown'. As shall be seen though, there can be cases of crossovers between the two - ultimately requiring a new conceptual model comprised of three parts: 'locution, illocution and perlocution' end of ch.
Fundamentally from the revised conceptual model , the point of importance I took away from the dialectic, is that to speak is to in all cases to act in some way. That is, to provide a pithy summary, 'our word is our bond' - there is accountability for that which we say: like with the promise. Jun 18, Lucila rated it really liked it Shelves: college , essays , , stand-alone , non-fiction. I took the liberty to quote a fellow GR member's review click here to read it completely because they managed to explain Austin's main ideas and his background in a very approachable manner and far better than I would have done it, for sure.
Basically, Austin tries to determine in what sense saying something might amount to doing something. Overall, How to Do Things with Words is a very interesting essay about performative language, easy enough to read even for beginners and quite humorous in its own way. If this is a subject you're interested in, I highly recommend it. Feb 18, Mishehu rated it it was amazing. A slim but challenging volume. Per its catchy title, the book is a sketch investigation in the form of a series of lectures that were delivered at Harvard in of certain performative aspects of language which problematized the then paradigmatic view that all utterances at least many more than you might suppose may be analysed, qua simple statements, as true or false.
It's no wonder these lectures have been continuously reprinted since their initial publication. This book has all the hall A slim but challenging volume. This book has all the hallmarks of having achieved its classic status upon its release. It's a goddess sprung from a clamshell; night separated from day; turtles all the way down. It's enormously provocative -- even across the generations. What it is, and has been, above all, is a spur to reflection and further investigation. Though I had difficulty following certain of Austin's more abstruse contortions, I am the richer for having attempted them.
I highly recommend this book to anyone who prizes language, reason, and argument. Aug 27, J.
How to Do Things with Words by J.L. Austin
Alfred rated it liked it. Words can be deeds! Thinking about the way language works is a good way to humble yourself, because you can use the stuff, but you really have no idea how it all works. And sometimes you have to sing the alphabet song to yourself if you're trying to find a book in the library.
Admit it! Anyway, this book is part of a refutation of people who for some awful reason called themselves positivist Words can be deeds! Anyway, this book is part of a refutation of people who for some awful reason called themselves positivists, whose idea was that all of our metaphysical difficulties could be figured out if we all just figured out what we were actually talking about.
This book proves that their basic idea about how language conveys information is incorrect because it can't allow for words that do things, for instance saying "I do" when you marry a person. I finish this review. Apr 04, Jenny rated it it was amazing Shelves: philosophy , non-fiction. And while I had the gist, in no way was it any substitution for carefully reading these lectures all the way through.
Austin builds his case so carefully, so logically, and with an incredible amount of linguistic precision right from the beginning though that doesn't become apparent until one, like I did, finished the book and then immediately started over again and couldn't stop reading—I think that's a philosophy book first for me!
Nov 07, Getty Hesse rated it it was amazing Shelves: favorites. This book is surprisingly readable and will teach you a ton about the ways in which we use language. Also, it's occasionally quite funny. I highly recommend it to my fellow writers in particular but really to anyone with an interest in language. Oct 18, Jazlyn rated it really liked it Shelves: philosophy , linguistics.
How to Do Things with Words
Now I know how to do things with words. May 08, KimNica rated it it was ok Shelves: philosophy. Full of jargon, confusing examples and unnecessary detours. The only saving grace is the "plot" twist at the end. Reading just the last two chapters would have been sufficient. Sep 12, vittore paleni rated it liked it. Feb 28, Huzo rated it really liked it.
Once we realize that what we have to study is not the sentence but the issuance in a speech situation, there can hardly be any longer a possibility of not seeing that stating is performing an act. Feb 25, Katie Russell rated it really liked it. While extremely confusing at times, Austin's ideas about performative language resonates across disciplines and is recognizable in performance as an art. Sep 12, Aaron rated it it was amazing Shelves: media-studies-and-cultural-studies , philosophy.
An extremely important work which is also quite funny and readable. Feb 21, Davianne rated it did not like it Shelves: nonfiction. Too confusing and wordy when it could definitely be simplified. Sep 18, Anthony Faber rated it it was ok. A philosopher talks about words, in the process showing why I don't take philosophers seriously. The imprecision of language is necessary in order for it to be useful. Jan 15, Zacharygs rated it really liked it.
These example all have in common that the saying, the uttering of the words itself preforms the words. The rest of the lectures are geared towards isolating these preformatives, defending their existence, and outlining where they fit in relationship to other words, kinds of actions, and so forth. But this is in a few sentences and Austin is explicit about his work merely outlining a theory to be developed and used and expounded on. By the end he has delineated five classes of preformative which he calls the verdictive i. Austin decides there are somewhere between to verbs which fall into one of these 5 categories A further distinction should be included as well, that of the different between Primary and Explicit preformatives.
Thus, Austin is not concerned with explicit formula and models for delineating preformatives that deny preformative force to other types of words in the end even concluding that constatives are ALSO preformatives in an interesting and parallel way. Very helpful and useful book for thinking with about meaning, what it is to both say and to do something, and a very readable account for thinking about how language works, how we use it, what we might use it for, and how we might use it better. He summarizes previous lectures at the beginning of a new one and reading his summaries could qualify as rereading if needed.
Feb 04, Anders rated it it was amazing. A delightful read. Based on a series of lectures at Harvard, Austin makes good on his chance to elucidate the dichotomy of constative descriptive vs. And boy does he ever. Out of the 12, some lectures spend good time delineating categories, others waste time expanding those categories to their limits, but by the end Austin is ready to tell you something worthwhile--that the original dichotomy ought to be cast out.
For it is only then that we can make an earnest stride A delightful read. For it is only then that we can make an earnest stride toward dispelling many philosophical "problems" that are merely the result of misunderstandings. A quick, easy read I'd say and especially appealing to those continental-leaning, Ordinary Language Philosophy-loving brigands.
Is the constative, then, always true or false? When a constative is confront with the facts, we in fact appraise it in ways involving the employment of a vast array of terms which overlap with those that we use in the appraisal of performatives. In real life, as opposed to the simple situations envisaged in logical theory, one cannot always answer in a simple manner whether it is true or false.
There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Readers also enjoyed. About J. Austin is widely associated with the concept of the speech act and the idea that speech is itself a form of action. His work in the s provided both a theoretical outline and the terminology for the modern stu John Langshaw Austin March 26, — February 8, was a British philosopher of language, born in Lancaster and educated at Shrewsbury School and Balliol College, Oxford University.
His work in the s provided both a theoretical outline and the terminology for the modern study of speech acts developed subsequently, for example, by the Oxford-educated American philosopher John R. Searle, William P. He occupies a place in philosophy of language alongside Wittgenstein in staunchly advocating the examination of the way words are used in order to elucidate meaning.
Unlike many ordinary language philosophers, however, Austin disavowed any overt indebtedness to Wittgenstein's later philosophy. Dispatch time is working days from our warehouse. Book will be sent in robust, secure packaging to ensure it reaches you securely. Dispatch time is hours from our warehouse.
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J. L. Austin
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